What Are Infectious Diseases Examples?

Which is not infectious disease?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another.

NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others..

What can an infectious disease doctor do?

An infectious disease (ID) specialist is (see below, “Subspecialty/Fellowship Training”*) an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses (such as HIV and hepatitis), fungi and parasites.

What disease kills the fastest?

Flesh Eating Bug. This bug can quickly sweep through the body eating the body’s soft tissue. … Cholera. This is an intestinal disease caused by eating contaminated water or food and can kill anyone within hours. … Enterovirus D68. … Bubonic Plague. … Ebola. … Dengue Fever.

What are some contagious diseases?

Keep these eight highly contagious diseases on your radar and find out how to prevent them.COVID-19. … Norovirus (“Stomach Flu”) … Influenza. … Meningitis. … Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) … Pertussis. … Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) … MRSA.More items…

What is the leading infectious disease?

Tuberculosis is now the leading infectious disease threat in the world, killing more people than HIV/AIDS, as reported today by the World Health Organization. This should erase any semblance of doubt that we need increased resources and new tools to address the global pandemic.

What is the infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What are the 5 major types of infectious agents?

There are five major types of infectious agents: bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. In addition, a new class of infectious agents, the prions, has recently been recognized. A brief review of the general characteristics of each of these agents and examples of some diseases they cause follows.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What is the most common virus in humans?

The most common type of viral disease is the common cold, which is caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat). Other common viral diseases include: Chickenpox. Flu (influenza)

What are the common human diseases?

Common IllnessesAllergies.Colds and Flu.Conjunctivitis (“pink eye“)Diarrhea.Headaches.Mononucleosis.Stomach Aches.

What’s the worst disease in history?

20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics in historyFlu pandemic: 1889-1890. … American polio epidemic: 1916. … Spanish Flu: 1918-1920. … Asian Flu: 1957-1958. … AIDS pandemic and epidemic: 1981-present day. … H1N1 Swine Flu pandemic: 2009-2010. … West African Ebola epidemic: 2014-2016. … Zika Virus epidemic: 2015-present day.More items…•

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.