Question: What Are Four Routes To Spread Germs?

What is the difference between communicable and contagious?

A communicable disease is a contagious one.

The effect is external.

If someone catches the illness, they can get sick and spread the pathogen—be it a cold, virus, or some other disease-causing agent—onto the next person.

This can lead to small, isolated outbreaks or full-scale pandemics..

What are four ways that infection can be spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What are the main routes infection can enter the body?

The Main Routes Infection can Enter the Body are:Body fluids – A body fluid e.g. blood, urine, pus, saliva from one person enters the body of another e.g. through cuts or other means such as sexual intercourse (e.g. syphilis, HIV etc.). … Through the air – e.g. tuberculosis.More items…

What diseases are carried in body fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

What are the four basic rules of standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the routes of disease transmission?

The mode of transmission can include direct contact, droplets, a vector such as a mosquito, a vehicle such as food, or the airborne route. The susceptible host has multiple portals of entry such as the mouth or a syringe.

Which diseases are spread due to close contact?

Many illnesses spread through contact transmission. Examples are chicken pox, common cold, conjunctivitis (Pink Eye), Hepatitis A and B, herpes simplex (cold sores), influenza, measles, mononucleosis, Fifth disease, pertussis, adeno/rhino viruses, Neisseria meningitidis and mycoplasma pneumoniae.

What is the single most important means of preventing the spread of infection?

Healthcare specialists generally cite handwashing as the single most effective way to prevent the transmission of disease.

What are the four most common sources of infection?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

How does droplet infection enter the body?

Droplets spread by sneezes, coughs, or simply talking can transmit infection if one person comes in contact with the mucous membranes of the eye(s), mouth, or nose of another person. Influenza is spread by airborne droplet transmission but more commonly by indirect contact on surfaces.

How are diseases transmitted from one animal to another?

Animal diseases can be spread by 5 main routes of transmission: direct contact; inhalation of aerosols; ingestion; indirect transfer by fomites, such as equipment, footwear or vehicles; or vector transmission. Direct contact is one of the main methods of disease spread between animals.

What is the most common route of transmission?

Contact is the most frequent mode of transmission of health care associated infections and can be divided into: direct and indirect. An example of contact transmitted microorganisms is Noroviruses which are responsible for many gastrointestinal infections.

What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?

Infections can be spread through these 5 different ways:Physical contact. Infections, especially skin contagions, are spread by direct physical contact. … Droplet spreading. Colds, strep throat etc. … Contaminated items. … Bowel movements. … Exposure to blood.

What are the 4 main routes for infection to enter the body?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

What are 5 ways diseases are transmitted?

Five common ways germs are spread:Nose, mouth, or eyes to hands to others: Germs can spread to the hands by sneezing, coughing, or rubbing the eyes and then can be transferred to other family members or friends. … Hands to food: … Food to hands to food: … Infected child to hands to other children: … Animals to people: