# How Do I Calculate Specific Gravity?

## What is the use of specific gravity?

Significance and Use 4.1 Specific gravity is an important property of fluids being related to density and viscosity.

Knowing the specific gravity will allow determination of a fluid’s characteristics compared to a standard, usually water, at a specified temperature..

## What does a high specific gravity mean?

High specific gravity suggests that the urine is too concentrated. Conditions that cause high specific gravity include: dehydration. diarrhea or vomiting resulting in dehydration. congestive heart failure.

## What does specific gravity tell us?

Urinary specific gravity (SG) is a measure of the concentration of solutes in the urine. It measures the ratio of urine density compared with water density and provides information on the kidney’s ability to concentrate urine. A urinary specific gravity measurement is a routine part of urinalysis.

## How do you test urine specific gravity?

The health care provider uses a dipstick made with a color-sensitive pad. The color the dipstick changes to will tell the provider the specific gravity of your urine. The dipstick test gives only a rough result. For a more accurate result, your provider may send your urine sample to a lab.

## How do you read a specific gravity hydrometer?

The most common scale on hydrometers is “specific gravity.” This is the ratio of the liquid’s density to the density of water. Pure water should give a reading of 1.000. A higher reading means the liquid is denser (heavier) than water, and a lower reading means it is lighter.

## What is a normal specific gravity?

The normal range for urine specific gravity is 1.005 to 1.030.

## What do you use to measure specific gravity?

A hydrometer is an instrument used to determine specific gravity. It operates based on the Archimedes principle that a solid body displaces its own weight within a liquid in which it floats.

## How do you calculate specific density?

Density is the mass of an object divided by its volume. Density often has units of grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3). Remember, grams is a mass and cubic centimeters is a volume (the same volume as 1 milliliter).

## What does a specific gravity of 1.020 mean?

Urine specific gravity is a measure of the ratio of the density of urine to the density of water. Urine specific-gravity measurements normally range from 1.002 to 1.030. 5. The NCAA selected a urine specific-gravity measurement of ≤1.020 to indicate euhydration. 4.

## What is the specific gravity of water?

Because water at 4 degrees Celsius is the standard scientists use to determine specific gravity, it follows that its specific gravity is 1. However, a water sample at a different temperature or pressure or one containing impurities has a density that differs slightly.

## How do you interpret specific gravity?

To put it another way, the specific density of water would be 1.000. Ideally, urine specific gravity results will fall between 1.002 and 1.030 if your kidneys are functioning normally. Specific gravity results above 1.010 can indicate mild dehydration. The higher the number, the more dehydrated you may be.

## How do air bubbles affect specific gravity?

Density or specific gravity (SG) is affected by entrapped air bubbles in the liquid under test. … Under pressure the air will dissolve better into the liquid and any bubbles that are left undissolved will be compressed to a fraction of their original size.

## Why do we calculate specific gravity?

The term “Specific Gravity” (SG) is used to define the weight or density of a liquid as compared to the density of an equal volume of water at a specified temperature. The temperature used for measurement is usually 39.2oF (4oC), because this temperature allows water to assume its maximum density.